Expulsion of the Jews

Please respond to the following questions:

1.  According to the charter, what threat do the Jews pose?

2.  What justification does the charter offer for their expulsion?

23 thoughts on “Expulsion of the Jews

  1. Cayla Bastian

    The charter said the Jews were trying, and were sometimes successful at converting the conversos back to Judaism. It also said that Jews corrupted good Christians and preyed upon Christian who were weak in faith. Before this charter the monarchs had tried to deal with such situations but soon decided that it would be better to just remove all Jews from their kingdom.

    The charter says that previous attempts to quell the Jewish population from converting had not been enough and that the only way left to insure a Christian kingdom was to expel the Jews. Any threat to a kingdom by an organization will result in the dissolution of said organization and that is what the charter did to Jews. It became illegal to be a Jew in Spain. With Jews removed there would be no threat to Christianity.

  2. Bethany Busa

    The Charter of the Expulsion of the Jews addressed the “Christians” or conversos as a threat to the greater population Of the Catholic Church. The threat Jews posed was some were “wicked Christians” who judaized and apostatized for the Catholic faith, because of the interaction or supposed persuasion of the Jews with the Christians. The original intentions of managing Jews who practiced Judaism was to give them seperate quaters and seperate place where they should live, and their seperation would eliminate the threat of converting Christians to Judaism. However, this threat was rising because of the social interaction between Jews and Christians. The Catholic Church saw the Jews as taking whatever converts they oculd get and by any means of doing so. Ferdinand and Isabella saw this as a threat because Jews were “stealing faithful Christians from our Holy Catholic faith,” which could politically translate to a rebellion against the monarchy. Essentially, Ferdinand and Isabella addressed in the charter that there was to be no interaction between Jews and Christians and to banish them all from our kindoms where they have caused harm. The justification for such a harsh standpoint was “whenever a grave and detestable crime is committed by memebers of an organization or corporation, it is reasonable that such an organization or corporation should be dissolved and annihilated…” What the Church and monarchy wanted was to mainly break down Judaism and disperse the Jews, so their “organization” would become weaker and weaker. In this sense, Christianity would once again dominate Spain, without threat of any other religious institution.

  3. Elizabeth Reuter

    The Charter states basically that Jews and their practices could corrupted “good” Christians and tricked them into converting Judaism. Therefore Isabella and Ferdinand forced the Jewish population to relocate away from Christian population. The Justification that the Charter gives for Isabella and Ferdinand expulsion is that Jewish practices are considered crimes, and therefore all Jews are criminal and pose a danger upon faithful Christians.

  4. Richard Mallory

    The Charter is an continution of antisemitism in the Roman Church since the time of Constitine. It claims that Jews want to convert good christian to Judism. However, at this time in Rabbinical Judism one was born a Jew one could not convert to Judism one must belong to one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The Royals may have an arguement about the sincerity of the Conversos after thier conversions were cause by an enlightenment of new spiritual values but for many other reasons such as financial considerations and fear of physical intimidation. Perhaps the Royals were trying to please the Vatican for past support or to earn wings for life after death.

  5. Lauren Bieler

    The Charter said that Jews were leading Christians astray by practicing their faith and the rituals that accompanied it. The Catholics believed that the Jewish population was out to convert everyone and that conversos might not really be converts, but Jews in hiding. Hence, the Charter stated to expel anyone who believed and practiced Judaism. The justification, being, that by removing the Jews there wouldn’t be any problems in the kingdom.

  6. William

    According to the charter, Jews were accused of impeding upon the beliefs and practices of Christians and Conversos. The charges brought against the Jewish population were extensive. After reviewing the charges brought against the Jews, One could make the point that every charge brought against the Jewish population could have been rightfully placed against the Catholic Church. The Jews were expelled because o The expulsion of the Jews was justified because it was perceived that the religious threat that the Jews posed on the Christian population could ultimately “by contagion injure others” and could be “injurious to the Republic”.

  7. Terry Stone

    During the reign of Isabella and Ferdinand, there was a movement by the church to expel the Jews from Spain. After regaining the Kingdom of Grenada from the Muslims, the Christian monarch feared that the Jews would try and reconvert Christians and Muslims back to Judaism. This was seen as a direct threat to Christianity becasue Jews were seen as wicked and destroyers of the Christian faith. The reign of Isabella and Ferdinand aimed at doing the opposite of what Enrique IV did or didn’t do and since Enrique was seen as sympathetic towards Muslims and Jews, Isabella and Ferdinand could justify expelling the Jews as a way to bring order to Spain.

  8. J Fisch

    According to the charter the Jews were a threat to the Church and thus to the Kingdom for their work in reconverting conversos back to the Jewish faith.Furthermore good Christians of weak faith or belief might be tempted by the Jews into abandoning Christianity for Judaism. These threats whether perceived or real, were enough to guarantee their expulsion from the Kingdom. To quote Brian A ” No Jews,No Risk”. A sad but necessary political step.

  9. Dan Rand

    The charter states that the Jews are a threat in that they have converted Christians, on many occasions, to Judaism. For this, all Jews were expelled from the kingdoms. The charter justifies the expulsion by stating that any organization which poses a threat should be removed.

  10. Kasey Fisher

    According to the charter, the Jews of Spain are on a constant mission to slowly convert Christians to Judaism and thus undermine the stability and well-being of both the Catholic Church and the kingdom. The monarchy has long been concerned with this issue and has tried to resolve it, by moving the Jews into separate neighborhoods and launching the Inquisition to investigate Christian wrongdoings. Unfortunately, the charter declares that this has not been enough to stop the conversions of Christians to Judaism. Therefore, there is no option left but to remove all the Jews from Spain, for the good of the kingdom.

  11. Jacky Kin Tung Ho

    The charter suggest that Isabelle and Ferdinand are concerned with the growing amount of conversos (and some christians) who were being converted to back to Judaism. According to the charter, Judaism is dangerous and wicked for it teaches christians(and conversos) wicked Jewish customs and law that opposes the holy Catholic faith. The christians had tried to remedy the problem by ordering segregation and establishing the Inquisition but the reconverting continues to be a growing problem in their kingdom.

    Isabella and Ferdinand on behalf of the kingdom ordered the expulsion because the crimes committed by Jews are so great against the good old christian faith that all the other alternatives attempted previous by the christians were proven to be useless. The expulsion became the last and most efficient way to solve this problem. As protectors of the holy Catholic faith, it is Isabella and Ferdinand’s responsibility to prevent harm done to the christians in their kingdom. Connecting the Jewish problem to the law, they successfully utilized the government as a medium to solve their problems with the Catholic faith, where the government are responsible to carry out the provisions of the charter.

  12. Stefanie H.

    1. According to the charter, what threat do the Jews pose?

    According to the character, it appears that the primary threat caused by the Jews seems to have been one of conversion. They appear to have believed that the Jews were slowly attempting to teach Christians the Jewish laws and traditions with the hope of ultimately converting both the conversos and Christians to Judaism.

    2. What justification does the charter offer for their expulsion?

    The character justifies Jewish expulsion by stating that the crimes of the Jews are far too dangerous and contagious to deal with lightly. He claims that in order to truly annihilate the threat posed by the Jews both the guilty and innocent members of the religion should be completely driven out of Spain once and for all.

  13. Brian Ashwood

    According to the charter, the primary threat posed by the Jewish population was that of leading Christians astray from the true faith. It was felt by certain political circles that Jews would disrupt the political unity created by a Christian kingdom. It was feared that religious conversion was a direct threat to political loyalty. Because of this fear, it was rationalized that the Jews must be expelled from the kingdom. To put it quite simply – No Jews, no risk of conversion to Judaism. With all Christians remaining religiously loyal, they would in turn be politically loyal as well. At least that’s what I get from the language of the charter.

  14. NJemiolaWilson

    The Edict of Expulsion claimed that the Jewish people were a threat to the Catholic faith, specifically in regards to the conversos, undermining their newly acquired Christian beliefs by encouraging a “reconversion” to Judaism which advocated adherence to right living and Mosaic Law. Such teachings were problematic for both the Catholic Church and the Catholic Monarchs whose promotion of the New Covenant, the acceptance of Jesus Christ as the Messiah (the only means of salvation), was central to their Christian identity, superseding Judaism.

    The rationale offered for the expulsion of the Jews from Spain included the discovery of people who observed Judaic practices (food preparation and consumption, fasting, et al.), as well as confessions and testimonies from both Jews and Christians about their own or other individuals seditious actions and behaviors.

  15. Sarah Moore

    The Charter states the social interaction between Jews and Christians was posing a threat to the holy Catholic faith. Allegedly, the Jews were giving Christians and conversos “books from which they may read their prayers and declaring to them the fasts that they must keep…convincing them that there is no other law or truth.” Isabella and Ferdinand wanted to prohibit all the interaction between the Jews and Christians because the interactions were a threat to the Catholic faith. So the Jews were banished from the kingdoms. They were banished for spreading their faith to others. The justification the Charter offers is the continuing threat the Jews posed on the Christians. Originally, they were banished from Andalusia but they still continued to commit “crimes and delicts against the holy Catholic faith.” So they then were banished from all kingdoms. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted an all Christian kingdom so they made Jewish practices illegal, which made all Jews criminals.

  16. MSharaba

    According to the charter, the Jews pose a threat to the Catholic way of life and the Catholic kingdom. They may convert or cause Catholics to stray away from Christian doctrine and Ferdinand and Isabel did not want that and feared that. They also feared that the conversos may not be as true as to what they are saying they are.

    The charter offers the explanation as that any organization that poses a threat can and should be punished and driven out from the area. The Jews were seen as threats to the population and were expelled because of it.

  17. James L.

    The Charter was an outline of what the Monarchy was to do with the Jews. It was believed that by expelling the Jews would bring order. Spain would grow morally and economically thru Christianity. Isabella and Ferdinand thought it would be a better idea to take out the temptation of Christians living amongst the Jews, and expell the Jews all together.

  18. Rob Huber

    The threat of the Jews is that of enticement, they are accused of confusing good Christians and luring them away from their faith. With the moors expelled from Christendom and the peninsula the tolerance of the Jewish population now seems more absurd, especially with the practice of the crown to dissolve and annihilate any organization whose members have committed such a detestable crime as conversion. Continued socialization with the Jews presents to great a threat, they must be expelled!
    The failure of the aljamas to prevent conversions, the fact that the expulsion from Andulusia also did little and the need for the inquistion itself are offered as justifications of expulsion. An undertone of religious fervor steeped in these times of Christian pride was driving prejudice and the many confessions wrought by inquistors provided strong justification for ridding the Kingdom of the insidious Jews.

  19. Steven Pumpa

    It is clear that the kingdoms monarchs are looking to build and sustain a Christain kingdom. To the leaders it is apparent that Jews are threat to this ldeal and in order to maintain the status quo the Jewish population needs to be removed. There is a fear that many will begin abandoning the Church, this creates a great fear, so instead of taking an isolationist approach he kingdom simply needs to get rid of the temtation all together. To justify these actions the use of “contemporary legal theory”, criminalized jewish practices there for justifying the expulsion of the Jews because they were deemed criminals.

  20. Sarah Kasper

    Spanish authorities believed that the Jews would convince the conversos to return to Judaism and maybe even try to convert established Christians. This supposed insidiousness was a threat to Ferdinand and Isabel’s rule because they made Christianity the basis of their power and any alternative to Christianity could undermine Spanish society. As such, Ferdinand and Isabel bowed to the pressure of the nobles and expelled the Jews for theoretical crimes.

  21. Lukas Padegimas

    The Charter declared that the Jews were a subversive element in society that tended to corrupt even good Christians by their attempts to convert them back to Judaism. Ferdinand and Isabella noted that a worrisome amount of formally good Christians were reverting to some Jewish traditional practices and apostatizing. In order to better combat heresy which might indirectly occur due to Jewish influences in some “Christian homes” it was considered best to expel the Jews and therefore rid Spain of this group which threatened Christianity.
    Since good Christian practice lay at the foundation of Spanish Society according to the Catholic Kings, it was necessary to remove the Jews from the boundaries of Empire in order to “maintain the security and prosperity” of Spain as an uncorrupted Christian land.

  22. Brett

    According to the charter, the Jews have caused Christians to apostatize because of interactions between the Christians and Jews intent on corrupting Christians through instruction in Jewish rituals and Jewish law. Jews pose a threat to the security of the kingdom due to the threat that they will subvert conversos and old Christians.

    The charter justifies the expulsion of Jews, as crimes committed by any member of an organization should result in the dissolution of the organization. As such, the Judaizing efforts of a few Jews means that the Jewish population as a whole needs to be destroyed to prevent the spreading of their crimes.

  23. Profile photo of hfearinghfearing

    The charter states that some Christians in Isabella and Ferdinand’s kingdom have left the Catholic faith and become Jews. In order to stop this from continuing, they had ordered that the Jews be separated and live apart from the Christians. They rulers had also brought the Inquisition to the peninsula to weed out the false conversos. Despite these measure, they still found that some Christians continued or began to practice Jewish customs, ignoring the Catholic faith and traditions. According to the charter, Jews are to blame for bringing the Christians “to their own wicked belief and convictions.” The Jews, therefore, have caused and continue to cause “great injury, detriment, and opprobrium of our [Spain’s] holy Catholic faith.”

    According to Isabella and Ferdinand, any organization that poses a threat to the kingdom should be dissolved and all of its members punished. The charter states that in this same way, the conversos — who “continually wages war against [the kingdom]” — and all of the other members (Jews) should also be removed.

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